Incredible Benefits of Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil is an extract from the black pepper – a small fruit coming from the vine and used as a spice for cooking. The essential oil is one of the extracts that bring health benefits for the digestive and excretory systems.

Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil is an extract from the black pepper – a small fruit coming from the vine and used as a spice for cooking. The essential oil is one of the extracts that bring health benefits for the digestive and excretory systems.

What Is Black Pepper Essential Oil?

Black pepper essential oil is made from the extract of black pepper by using a steaming or CO2 process. The CO2 process is more preferable due to its ability to filter hexane and ethanol from the oil. It has a musky, warm, spicy and peppery aroma. Its consistency is thin and the color is clear. The oil is used commonly in nervous and digestive systems to stimulate the appetite, increase circulation and promote the balance of emotions. 

Compositions

  1. Water – 13%
  2. Nitrogen compounds – 12%
  3. Piperine – 7%
  4. Fat – 7 %
  5. Essential oil – 5%
  6. Cellulose and starch

Other Chemical Compositions

  • a-Ocymene
  • a-Terpinene
  • a-Thujene
  • Beta-pinene
  • Limonene
  • Linalool
  • Myrcene
  • O-3-Carene
  • Ocymeme
  • Sabinene

What Are The Benefits?

Lowers cholesterol

There’s a study about the lipidemic effects of black pepper oil on rats fed with black-pepper oil. The animals showed a decrease in triglycerides, phospholipids, and fatty acids. Further, the study found that black pepper oil increased the HDL (High-Density concentration) levels.

Contains anti-viral properties

Research in Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology publication discovered that black pepper contains anti-viral properties that fight viruses and bacteria without affecting cell health.

Aids digestion

Eases the discomfort caused by gas, diarrhea, and constipation. Its compound piperine has antispasmodic and antidiarrheal functions that relieve constipation and thus may have possible medical uses for irritable bowel syndrome

Further, a 2013 research found that piperine improved the behavior of animal subjects with IBS. The compound also improved the balance of serotonin regulation both in the animal colons and brains (3). 

Relieves pains

Pepper essential oil contains antispasmodic, warming and anti-inflammatory properties. Another study by the Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine analyzed the effects of essential oils for neck pain. Patients who received creams made from marjoram, lavender, peppermint, and black pepper essential oils to their neck daily during the four-week phase trial, the patients reported an improvement of their neck pain.

Shows an anti-cancer property

The Michigan State University 2010 study found that black pepper extract showed an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory property. Their researchers discovered that the black pepper oil compounds – alkyl amides and piperine showed the dose-dependent capability to fight human cancer cells.

Stimulates appetite

Black pepper oil can stimulate the appetite of people with neurological disorders. Through the ingestion and inhalation of the pepper extract, the oil can activate the orbitofrontal 

Provides preservative properties

A 2015 vitro study found out that black & green pepper essential oils have antimicrobial, antibacterial and antifungal activity. The essential oil inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus in chicken soup. The study results showed that black pepper essential oil is efficient for preventing the growth of microbes that cause food spoilage.

Detoxifies the body

Black pepper and its piperine compound demonstrated detoxification, enhanced absorption and biotransformative effects of conventional drugs. That is the reason why piperine has been used in supplement ingredients. A cell biochemistry & Biophysics study showed that piperine can aid in normalizing blood pressure, boost liver, decrease inflammation and improve the glucose tolerance in the lab rats fed with a high-fat diet. The results showed that piperine may aid the body to decrease inflammation and remove toxins.

Prevents microbial drug resistance

Black pepper essential oil strikes the virulence of bacterial without affecting the cell viability. 

Balance your gut bacteria

Black pepper oil can be used to balance the number of microbes living in your urinary tracts, digestive system, mouth, and colons. Keep a bottle to protect yourself against bacteria and disinfect your food.

Relieve gas

Gas in the intestine can cause painful bloating. With black pepper essential oil drops, you can release some trapped gas and control bacterial growth behind the painful gas. 

Reduce nicotine cravings

According to the study from 2013, the black pepper essential oil can reduce cravings (7) and another study found that both black peppers essential oil and angelica reduced cravings for nicotine. 

Improves catheter insertion

Black pepper essential oil can improve the insertion of a catheter that is used for Intravenous fluid transfer, injections, and others (8). 

How to use

Black pepper essential oil can be used topically or flavor your food. 

Here are the ways to use it:

Better blood flow circulation         Put 3 to 5 drops in a warm compress and use it to the abdomen
Ingestion Use 2 to 3 drops for ingestion
Arthritis Apply 2 to 3 drops
Chest Use 2 to 3 drops
Constipation, gas, and diarrhea Use 1 to 2 drops and add it to your food
Flavoring Use black pepper essential oil (according to taste) to flavor your entrees, soups, baked vegetables, steaks, and salads.
Soothe your feet Apply to your feet soles to warm your body and boost your energy. 
Aromatherapy Place some drops in a hot water pot and add some few drops in a compress. You can also use it in the handkerchief or tissue to lessen nausea.

 

Are There Any Safety Concerns?

Due to its stimulating effects, the black pepper essential oil can cause a sensitive skin reaction. To avoid this reaction, you can use a carrier oil that could be an oil without any aroma.  In cooking, use it sparingly as its overuse may cause to upset stomach. It’s best to avoid contact with nose and eyes.

Disclaimer

Some studies have shown the benefits of black pepper and it has been used for medicine for over a century. On the other hand, there’s a still needed study to prove beyond a reasonable doubt, the absolute efficacy of the black pepper essential oil for human use. 

The Bottom Line

Black pepper can be one of the beneficial oils you can find in the market or make your own (DIY). Before using for any ailments, you can consult a health professional if the pepper oil is safe to use. 

References

  1. Lee, Kayeon, et al. “Anti-Biofilm, Anti-Hemolysis, and Anti-Virulence Activities of Black Pepper, Cananga, Myrrh Oils, and Nerolidol against Staphylococcus Aureus.” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Nov. 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25027570.
  2. Mehmood, Malik Hassan, and Anwarul Hassan Gilani. “Pharmacological Basis for the Medicinal Use of Black Pepper and Piperine in Gastrointestinal Disorders.” Journal of Medicinal Food, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20828313.
  3. Ou, Ming-Chiu, et al. “The Effectiveness of Essential Oils for Patients with Neck Pain: a Randomized Controlled Study.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25192562.
  4. Ou, Ming-Chiu, et al. “The Effectiveness of Essential Oils for Patients with Neck Pain: a Randomized Controlled Study.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25192562.
  5. Liu, Yunbao, et al. “Inhibitory Effects of Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum) Extracts and Compounds on Human Tumor Cell Proliferation, Cyclooxygenase Enzymes, Lipid Peroxidation and Nuclear Transcription Factor-Kappa-B.” Natural Product Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Aug. 2010, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20839630.
  6. Nikolić, Miloš, et al. “Could Essential Oils of Green and Black Pepper Be Used as Food Preservatives?” Journal of Food Science and Technology, Springer India, Oct. 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26396402.
  7. Tang, Hui, et al. “Antimicrobial Effect of Black Pepper Petroleum Ether Extract for the Morphology of Listeria MonocytogeNes and Salmonella Typhimurium.” Journal of Food Science and Technology, Springer India, June 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5495734/.
  8. 8.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233422255_Black_Pepper_Essential_Oil_to_Enhance_Intravenous_Catheter_Insertion_in_Patients_With_Poor_Vein_Visibility_A_Controlled_Study

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *